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Medicinal plants used for treatment of malaria by indigenous communities of Tororo District, Eastern Uganda

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Summary:

Malaria remains the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa. Although recent developments such as malaria vaccine trials inspire optimism, the search for novel antimalarial drugs is urgently needed to control the mounting resistance of Plasmodium species to the available therapies. The present study was conducted to document ethnobotanical knowledge on the plants used to treat symptoms of malaria in Tororo district, a malaria-endemic region of Eastern Uganda.  

Medicinal Herbs against Central Nervous System Disorders

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Summary:

Impairment of the central nervous system (CNS) or the nerves conducting messages results in CNS disorders. These CNS disorders could be mild or severe depending on the type of disorder. CNS disorders include depression, anxiety, Huntington's disease, epilepsy, and others. Over the years, natural medicine has been used globally in the management of disorders related to the CNS. These herbal interventions are sometimes used as substitutes for orthodox agents used in the management of CNS disease. Examples of these plants include Desmodium adscendens, Cleome rutidosperma, Withania somnifera, Baccopa monnieri, Rauvolfia serpentina, Acorus calamus, Emblica officinalis , and Strychnos nux-vomica . The mechanisms of action they employ include binding to CNS receptors with pharmacologic and...  

Medicinal Plants used during Antenatal Care by Pregnant Women in Eastern Uganda

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Summary:

Plants are commonly used during the antenatal stage in pregnancy to manage different ailments in Africa. In Uganda, both medicinal and food plants are used to handle common pregnancy related conditions. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in Iganga district, eastern Uganda. Seven traditional birth attendants (TBA) and 46 mothers were interviewed. Data was collected using structured questionnaires and household interviews. The TBAs were identified using snowball sampling. A total of 33 plant species, belonging to 23 families were documented. Out of these, the pregnant mothers used 45.5 % as both food and medicine. The most frequently used plant life form was herbs (58.8%). The leaves are the most commonly used...